July 2016


Electronic muscle stimulation is an advanced technique used world-wide for toning, reshaping, firming and maintaining muscle definition. Electronic muscle stimulation (EMS) machines are ideal for people trying to look and feel good in today’s hectic lifestyle. When time is limited and you aren’t able to make it to the gym then an EMS device can still give your muscles a good workout even from the comfort of your own home or office.

EMS devices are really great tools that can aid in shaping and toning your muscles. However, EMS devices should not be used just by themselves. For maximum results, EMS devices should be used in conjunction with a regular weight training and circuit training program. These devices are supposed to be used on the same muscles that are trained during that exact day. A general rule of thumb is to apply the electronic muscle stimulation to the muscles about 15-45 minutes after the workout.

Another option is to use EMS devices before working out in order to pre exhaust the muscles, or can be used during the workout to make an exercise even more intense . It’s safe to use an EMS device every day or every 4 hours as long as you aren’t participating in any sports that require you to engage in a weight lifting program. In conclusion, EMS devices are effective workout machines that can be used for personal training Melbourne and can aid in reshaping and firming the muscle groups in your body.

The medical insurance help you to your medical expanses, there are so many medical insurance plans are available which is tell you how to do the best medical insurance and get more benefits. The medical insurance plans protect against the major injury and several illness. Now these days medical insurance most important foe every one because it will give you the financial help during the major illness of you and yours family.

If you people want to do the best medical insurance so you must have go through the medical insurance plans because the medical insurance plane tell you the best installment premium which is minimum and how it will refund you the best amount after complete it. There are many terms are included medical insurance plans like Medical insurance for the individual, Medical insurance for the family, Medical insurance for a group of individuals, International medical insurance, Travel medical insurance, Major medical insurance.

All the quotes has the deferent meaning but related to the medical insurance this is called many types of medical insurance, these insurance were are did the specific situation. The insurance company are provide the specific medical insurance plans for specific conditions.

Drugs which are anti-inflammatory drugs as Ibuprofène are on the regular basis prescribed to handle behind hurt; thus it is really a fine concept to look at taking Ibuprofène for your back evil when it obtains true serious.

It’s possible to toughen your back, leg muscles and even hip by undergoing this necessary exercise; stand with your back beside the wall with your feet put in arrangement with your shoulders, then leave your hands on your hip, exhale and even breathe in totally as you slowly fall down the wall at an angle of ninety degrees, pause for five seconds and get back to your starting point.

While performing stretching out workouts for back ache, it is advisable to stop, if you feel any more pain in other areas of your body, as this is usually a signal not to overdo it and rest for a bit of time. Acupuncturists, as part of their process to alleviate back ache, may perhaps utilize moxibustion, a herb which is burnt and even applied to the needle before it is inserted into the body; it is one way to treat back ache.

Exercise videos or DVDS on forestalling and even treating back ache are available for purchase if you are enthusiastic to adopt an exercise regime which will certainly aid to reinforce your back and even body as a way to aid alleviate back ache. Make sure that you find a person who makes you feel at ease and even secure if you are on the lookout for a person schooled in the art of acupuncture to aid you alleviate your back ache.

The back evil following of the damage can be relieved with one day or two in the bed and now and then to attend walks around each or inside the house; but do not remain in the bed for too long or it will worsen certainly the condition.

The beds of murphy or scum are mattresses which are created in particular to confer a measurement of comfort to the back patient of evil because of sound denseness and equal pressure relieving comfort what lets the owner have a fine rest of the night.

Product reviews of razor bumps and acne keloiditis are very useful for people who are suffering from these diseases. Keloids are the extra and abnormal growth of tissues that takes place when skin is hurt. It is an asymptomatic problem that is more related with the cosmetic aspect. However, it is neither painful nor contagious.

Options For Treating The Keloiditis

When we go through the product reviews of razor bumps and acne keloiditis, we will find that there are a lot of options before us for the treatment of this disease. First and the most common option is to get the keloid surgery. Another option is using a compression bandage. One more solution that is very common is use of steroid injections. In addition, several other new methods have also come up off late.

Now a word about the razor bumps and how the product reviews of razor bumps and acne keloiditis would benefit us in this regard. Razor bumps appear when we shave and the follicle catches the facial hair or it starts growing in to the skin. This results in redness and swelling in that area.

Product reviews of razor bumps and acne keloiditis tell us how can we cure the redness and swelling caused by the razor bumps. If we take the products that have witch hazel, azulene, and allantoin, then the redness and swelling can be reduced to a great extent.

News about the flu, especially swine flu risk, is everywhere. We are in the midst of an active flu season, with several weeks of peak flu activity left. It’s important to understand your flu risk and recognize the symptoms of swine flu so that you can take precautionary measures to protect yourself and others.

The seasonal flu and the swine flu are related in that both are influenza type A viruses. There are three broad categories of human influenza, designated as influenza A, B, and C. Influenza A and B commonly cause illness in human populations, while influenza C strikes less frequently and presents with milder symptoms.

How is the Flu Transmitted?

The flu is a communicable disease, meaning that it can spread from one infected person to another. Influenza viruses, including the seasonal flu and swine flu, are usually transmitted via respiratory air droplets. This is why it is important to cover your cough or sneeze. The tiny virus particles can gain entry via the surface of the respiratory tract, airways, and lungs. Once it establishes itself inside a human host, the virus begins to replicate using human cells as a factory. The cells burst with many copies of the virus, and the cycle can start all over again.

Differences Between the Seasonal Flu and Swine Flu

Specific genetic differences distinguish the new swine flu from regular seasonal flu.

The H1N1 virus consists of genes from several different flu viruses:

  • Human influenza
  • North American swine influenza
  • North American avian influenza
  • Two Eurasian swine influenza viruses.

The genetic makeup of swine flu is fairly complex; because of this, health experts initially believed that the virus could easily mutate and become more deadly.

Because the H1N1 virus is an influenza type A virus, the symptoms are very similar to those of the seasonal flu. However, data collected from physicians suggest that swine flu symptoms usually also include diarrhea and vomiting. Fatigue is also reported in nearly every case. To have a definite diagnosis requires a swab sample analyzed by a specific laboratory. Thus, the swine flu is usually diagnosed by examining the pattern of symptoms, proximity to confirmed outbreaks, and contact with similarly ill persons.

Preparing for the Flu/H1N1 Season

Scientists know much about the common cold and regular seasonal flu, but less is known about the new swine flu. This flu season, due to the unpredictability of the swine flu virus, it’s important to stay current with health issues related to infectious diseases. H1N1 risk remains elevated. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers essential information to both the general public and health practitioners. The series of articles on this website will assist you in understanding the flu and its potentially serious implications on you, your family, your community, and society.

Cuts and bone breaks are among the most common afflictions that cause people pain. Everyone gets a cut occasionally, and most people break a bone at least once in their lives.

The Skin: Cuts and Abrasions

Although supple and somewhat soft, the skin is often sturdy enough to resist tears and cuts. Skin, the largest organ of the body, consists of two main layers:

  • the dermis
  • the epidermis.

The epidermis, or the outer layer, is made up of several layers of skin cells. The dermis, found underneath the epidermis, is made up of elastin (stretchy fibers), which creates suppleness, and collagen (protein fibers), which gives strength.

Skin can be injured by cuts and abrasions:

  • Abrasions affect only the epidermis and will often contain debris. The bony, thin-skinned parts of the body such as elbows and knees are more likely to receive abrasions than the more cushioned areas.
  • Cuts are wounds caused by sharp instruments such as metal or glass and can affect the dermis and the epidermis.
  • Cuts are wounds caused by sharp instruments such as metal or glass and can affect the dermis and the epidermis.

Pain Management for Cuts

Over-the-counter medications such as acetaminophen (e.g., Tylenol®) or ibuprofen (e.g., Advil® or Motrin®) provide pain relief for most cuts. Aspirin is not a good choice, as it has an ingredient that prevents the blood from clotting as quickly as it would otherwise.

First-Aid for Abrasions

To treat an abrasion, follow these easy steps:

  1. Wash your hands before treating any wound.
  2. Clean the wound with antiseptic using sterile gauze. If debris is embedded in the wound, hold under running water or use a product such as Savlon®, which is an antiseptic with a surfactant that will bring the dirt to the surface.
  3. Cover the wound with a sterile dressing.
  4. Change the dressing according to the manufacturer’s instructions until healed.

First-Aid for Cuts

Blood vessels can be perforated by wounds caused by knives, glass or other sharp objects. Thus, cuts can lead to substantial blood loss. If an artery is severed, this constitutes a medical emergency. Arteries can pump out blood at an alarming rate. Follow these steps for first-aid treatment for cuts with serious blood loss:

  1. Apply direct pressure to the wound to lessen the blood flow.
  2. If possible, apply a sterile bandage and continue to apply pressure.
  3. Raise the injured area of the body above the heart, if feasible.
  4. If the dressing becomes saturated with blood, do not remove but add more on top.
  5. Call 911 as soon as possible or get to a hospital.
  6. For less serious cuts, simply clean the wound, apply ointment (e.g., Neosporin®) and cover with a clean bandage.

Cuts and Tetanus

  1. Depending upon what causes a wound, some cuts are more likely than others to promote tetanus bacteria growth. Tetanus is most often associated with rust and nails, but tetanus can be contracted from other objects.
  2. If a person gets a cut from a rusty nail or a dirty object, see a doctor to determine if you need a vaccine or a booster. A booster is an update of a vaccine and may be needed if more than five years have elapsed since a person’s last tetanus shot.

Wound Repair

Wounds too large for the body to heal by itself will need either stitches or medical glue:

  • Medical glue is a film dressing that is protective and waterproof and that can be applied to help wounds heal.
  • Stitches are needed for deep cuts. Stitches are applied by a doctor and hold the skin together as it heals.Alert your physician if the wound site swells up, pus begins to ooze or a foul odor is emitted. These are signs that proper healing is not taking place.

Factors Impacting Healing of Cuts

Certain things can affect the healing of cuts, including:

  • Age: Younger skin rejuvenates more quickly than older skin.
  • Diet: Proper nutrition is needed for normal healing.
  • Infection: If no infection occurs, skin heals more promptly.
  • Smoking: Nicotine inhibits proper healing.
  • Stress: Stress on the injury site makes healing more difficult.

Bone Breaks

A broken ankle or broken foot is a common accident that affects many people at some point in their lives. The medical term for a broken bone is bone fracture. The three basic types of fractures are:

  • Closed Fracture: The bone is broken but the skin is unharmed with a closed fracture. This is the least serious type of break.
  • Displaced Fracture: Bones on either side of the fracture are out of alignment in this type of fracture. This fracture will most likely require surgery to repair.
  • Open or Compound Fracture: The bone is broken and the skin is punctured or cut by the broken end of the bone in an open or compound fracture. A compound fracture is a serious injury and requires prompt treatment in order to ward off possible infection.

Symptoms of a Bone Break

There are various symptoms of a broken bone:

  • Bruising
  • cuts, puncture wounds or bone fragments through the skin
  • deformity
  • immediate, throbbing pain
  • inability to walk or put weight on the afflicted body part
  • pain that gets worse with activity
  • swelling
  • tenderness.

Sometimes, a snap is heard at the time of an injury that makes people assume that a bone is broken. This is not always the case, because a snapping sound can also be the sign of a severe sprain. Getting an X-ray can determine which type of injury has occurred.

Pain Management for Bone Breaks

  • Doctors may recommend over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen for a person with a broken bone. This should reduce pain and inflammation.
  • If intense pain is experienced, the doctor may prescribe a stronger pain medication, such as codeine.

Risk Factors for Broken Ankle or Foot

  • being overweight
  • certain health conditions (such as osteoporosis or neuropathy, which is poor sensation in the feet)
  • high-impact sports
  • living in a cluttered or poorly lit home
  • using faulty sports equipment
  • working in certain high-risk occupations.

Approximately 20 million Americans suffer from asthma, a chronic breathing condition. Asthma occurs when the breathing passages become narrowed or inflamed. Asthma attacks can be very serious if not treated properly.

The average household contains myriad asthma triggers. Knowing what these triggers are and how they affect asthma conditions is important to lowering your risk of an asthma attack.

Asthma Symptoms

Asthma symptoms differ from person to person. A classic asthma attack may include any or all of the following symptoms:

  • Chest tightness or pain
  • Coughing
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sweating
  • Tightened neck muscles
  • Wheezing.

Asthma Triggers Found in the Home

Many common allergens that trigger asthma can be found in the home. Some of the most common household asthma triggers are:

Airborne irritants: Fumes, vapors, dust and smoke in the air can trigger an asthma attack. Cigarette smoke is the most common household irritant, but irritants can also come from commercial cleaning products, aerosol sprays, perfumes, air fresheners, paint, gas stoves and smoke from a wood-burning fireplace.


Cockroaches: Cockroaches are found in many urban dwellings. Their feces and carcasses mix with household dust to provide a very common asthma trigger.

Dust mites: Microscopic insects feed off the dead skin cells we leave behind and are virtually impossible to prevent. As with cockroaches, their carcasses and feces are the culprit for asthma attacks. Dust mites are commonly found in pillows, mattresses, bedding, rugs, draperies, upholstery and stuffed animals.

Mold: Warm, moist areas in the home are potential breeding grounds for mold. Common areas for potential mold growth include the bathroom (mildew is a form of mold), the basement, refrigerator drip trays, trash cans, air-conditioning systems, plants and humidifiers.

Pet dander: Household pets are often problematic for people with asthma. Even shorthaired pets leave behind particles of dead skin, called dander. This dander — not animal hair — is what triggers asthma attacks.

Pollen: While pollen is generally considered to be an outdoor irritant, it can find its way into homes very easily. Pollen can attach itself to clothing and hair. It can also get into a house via open windows or an indoor/outdoor pet.

Reducing Household Asthma Triggers

While it’s impossible to keep most asthma triggers from entering your home in the first place, you can take steps to minimize the damage they cause.

First of all, forbid any cigarette smoking in your house. If a household member or a guest must smoke, insist they do so outside. Consider installing a HEPA air purifier in bedrooms and purchasing a vacuum cleaner with a HEPA filter. These devices will help in reducing dust mites and other airborne allergens in your home.

Don’t use aerosol sprays or heavily scented products in your home. Consider cleaning with natural products like baking soda and vinegar, rather than using commercial cleaners.

Invest in allergen-free covers for pillows and mattresses. At least every two to three weeks, wash all bedding in hot water and dry in a dryer. If your child owns stuffed animals, wash them with the bedding. If the stuffed animals are not washable, you can kill dust mites by running them through a hot dryer or placing them in the freezer.

For reducing cockroach asthma triggers, keep all food in tightly covered containers. Make sure that any cracks in corners or around doors are sealed, and keep kitchen countertops free of crumbs. Keep trash covered and remove it often. If you elect to hire an exterminator, be sure to be out of the house when the extermination occurs. Plan to stay out of the house for a few hours longer than the exterminator advises, since the chemicals they use can also be an asthma trigger.

A dehumidifier can be helpful in reducing mold in dark, damp areas like the basement. Clean bathrooms regularly with bleach and use a venting system to keep the air cool and dry.

Misuse of pain medication is on the rise, both legally and illicitly. While addiction is not a natural result of professionally guided pain management, a small percentage of people will develop a dependency that leads to prescription abuse. Because the brain reacts in specific ways to opiate-based painkillers, this type of addiction is a disease, often beyond the control of an individual.

The majority of individuals who require some type of pain management do not abuse their medications. However, research continues to reflect that a serious problem that encompasses all ages exists today.

The Rise in the Abuse of Pain Medications

Easy access to painkillers is, perhaps, responsible for the higher percentage of people who either abuse or are addicted to prescription painkillers.

More adults are requesting pain prescriptions from their doctors. As a result, more and more young people in households, including teens and young adults, have access to prescription medications. This, perhaps, explains the rise in abuse among teens, who are too young to purchase alcohol but have access to relatives’ medicine cabinets.

In addition, the ability to purchase prescription pain medications from the Internet has probably helped increase the percentage of people who suffer from an addiction to painkillers.

The Science of Addiction to Pain Medication

Why some individuals begin to misuse pain medication is easy to understand. When a painkiller enters the bloodstream, the pain receptors in the brain shut down, eliminating pain. However, as the drugs exit the system, withdrawal symptoms, including body aches and vomiting, can occur.

An individual who is taking pain medication can confuse the withdrawal symptoms with the pain for which he is taking the medication and might continue taking the medication to prevent the pain. Over time, the person can develop an addiction to the pain medication, making it hard or virtually impossible for a person to stop taking it.

Addiction Defined

Experts define addiction very specifically. For instance, a person may develop a physical dependency on painkillers or may develop a tolerance to pain medications. These are not technically addictions.

The University of Pennsylvania Health System defines addiction as: “A disease process characterized by the continued use of a specific psychoactive substance despite physical, psychological or social harm.”

Physical dependency can accompany an addiction, though it often does not.

An individual can exhibit addictive tendencies in a number of ways, including the following:

  • An addict may start combining pain medication with alcohol in order to achieve a desired effect.
  • Commonly, isolation or alienation occurs in order to continue the abuse.
  • Individuals seek out multiple doctors for prescriptions.
  • The user does not recognize that the drug misuse is an addiction.
  • Use of the painkiller continues in spite of the potential side effects or dangers, especially once the original condition is cured.

Individuals Prone to Addiction

  • Studies show that some individuals have a predilection for developing an addiction to pain medication. The following people are more prone to develop an addiction to pain medications:
  • abusers of other addictive products, including alcohol and tobacco
  • individuals whose family members have a history of addiction
  • people who have mental disorders, including those who suffer from depression, anxiety and compulsive behaviors.

Opiates, Opioids and Pain Medication Addiction

The actual risk for addiction to pain medication, even with long-term use, is small when taken under the guidance of legitimate professionals. However, anyone who takes a painkiller can develop an addiction. People can develop addictions to prescription and over-the-counter pain medications. However, a class of stronger medications known as opioids and opiates are often at the center of abuse statistics:

  • Opiates are natural and synthetic opium derivatives.
  • Opioids encompass opiates but include any medication that affects the body’s opioid receptors, which are located in the gastrointestinal tract, the brain and the spine.

Some of the most powerful opiates and opioids are:

  • Codeine: A prescription drug for less severe pain, often prescribed to relieve coughing.
  • Hydrocodone: A prescription drug for moderate to severe pain. Vicodin® is in this category.
  • Meperidine: A prescription drug for moderate to severe pain.
  • Morphine: This pain medication is commonly prescribed for post-surgical pain.
  • Oxycodone: This pain medication is a strong codeine derivative that is used for mid-level to severe pain. OxyContin® is included in this category.
  • Propoxyphene: This is a narcotic analgesic used for moderate to severe pain. This category includes Darvon®.

Negative Health Impact of Painkillers

The negative side effects from painkillers are many and can lead to life-threatening health issues, including:

  • constipation
  • drowsiness
  • dry mouth
  • hallucinations
  • heart rate fluctuation
  • vomiting.

Avoiding a Pain Medication Addiction

Patients who are aware that withdrawal may occur can typically manage the symptoms. Therefore, it is important to ask your doctor about the withdrawal symptoms that might occur when you stop taking your medication. For instance, the side effects of morphine withdrawal include:

  • abdominal cramping
  • irritability
  • muscle and bone aches
  • vomiting.

Withdrawal symptoms generally resolve within a few days. While experiencing the symptoms, however, some individuals undergo an extreme urge to continue using the pain medication. Talk to your doctor about ways to avoid taking pain medication unnecessarily.

To prevent a pain medication addiction, you should also always follow your doctor’s instructions on how to take your medicine. Never take more than prescribed and never take pain medication that has not been prescribed specifically to you.

If a person does develop an addiction to pain medications, he should seek alternative ways to treat his pain. Additionally, he may need to enter a specialized treatment center in order to learn how to manage his addiction on a day-to-day basis.

Pet dander is a known asthma trigger. Although all types of animals may cause an allergic reaction, cat dander is one of the most potent triggers. The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America estimates that between 15 and 30 percent of people with allergies are allergic to cats and dogs. However, it is important to note that pet dander is only one of many types of allergens. Other common asthma triggers are pollen, dust and mold spores. If you suffer from asthma, only your doctor or allergist can determine if pet dander is the cause of your asthma.

Asthma and its Symptoms

What is asthma? Asthma is a chronic lung condition that makes breathing difficult. No cure for asthma is available, but symptoms and attacks can be prevented and treated. Asthma is one of the most common diseases, affecting one out of every four Americans.

Wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath are common symptoms of asthma. Other symptoms include:

  • congestion
  • eczema or rashes
  • tchy eyes
  • runny nose
  • scratchy throat.

Symptoms can be controlled with medication. Your doctor can help you recognize your unique symptoms and provide you with medication to prevent asthma symptoms from developing into full-blown attacks. Once you have identified your asthma triggers, avoiding them can prevent future attacks.

Animals and Asthma

Pet allergies, contrary to common belief, are not caused by an animal’s hair. Pet dander is a protein found in dead skin flakes, animal urine and saliva. Because it travels through the air, pet dander can easily become embedded in carpets, furniture and other areas throughout your home.

Cats and dogs are not the only animals that cause pet allergies and asthma. Horses, birds, rabbits, gerbils and other pets produce pet dander and can trigger asthma attacks. Hairless animals, such as snakes and lizards usually do not cause allergic reactions or other asthma attacks.

Removing a pet from a home may not immediately make symptoms go away. Pet dander can stay present for months after a pet is gone.

If you don’t own pets but still find yourself experiencing allergy and asthma symptoms, understand that asthma attacks can also be caused by a pest infestation from rodents or even cockroaches.

Asthma sufferers can have mild to severe asthma symptoms in the presence of animals. Symptoms may become apparent immediately or hours later, depending on the individual person and the amount of dander to which they are exposed.

Reducing Pet Dander in Your Home

Keeping pets clean and groomed can help control animal danders and reduce shedding. Anti-allergen and dander-reducing pet grooming products are available which may reduce your reaction to pet dander. If possible, have a non-allergic member of your household bathe and groom pets. If you have cats, have a non-allergic person change the litter box. If you live alone, wear a protective mask and gloves when washing your pet. Always wash your hands, arms and face after contact with animals.

Many products are available to reduce pet dander in your home, including HEPA air purifiers, vacuum cleaners and air vent filters. Other tips to decrease pet dander exposure include:

  • installing wood, laminate or tile floors instead of carpet
  • keeping pets off furniture by giving them their own bed
  • removing cloth curtains
  • using a High-Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filter to remove airborne pet dander
  • vacuuming frequently.
  • Types of Pets That Should Be Avoided

As mentioned above, cats cause the most serious allergic reactions for asthma sufferers. There is no proven relationship between the length of a pet’s hair and how much dander it produces. Many dog breeds, including poodle mixes, are believed to be “hypoallergenic,” and produce less pet dander. Because pets vary even in the same litter, you should always meet the animal and determine if you have an allergic before purchase or adoption.

Pets can often trigger asthma, so the best way to avoid this trigger is, sadly, to get rid of your pet. However, if you really cannot live without a furry pet, it is important to do everything you can to minimize your exposure to its dander.

We recently asked people about their use of pain medication. About 500 responded to questions on their use of pain medication and their feelings towards pharmaceutical companies since finding out about risks to heart health that accompany these medications. Although 56 percent of people were unaware of the side effects, 37 percent indicated that they would most likely not seek out further information regarding the potential risks.

Knowing about the pain medications’ side effects deterred 19 percent of respondents from using such drugs. Thirty-seven percent admitted to being hesitant to use any medication, whether prescription or over-the-counter. These findings indicate that negative information about a specific type of medication does not automatically change usage practices, but instead tends to trigger a blanket caution.

Knowledge of the possible side effects of pain medication failed to deter usage among most respondents. Most people’s opinions of pharmaceutical companies remained unchanged: only 30 percent admitted that their opinions of pharmaceutical companies have changed due to recent announcements about side effects. Sixty-six percent of people thought that companies should add warnings rather than pull the drugs off the shelves entirely.

Sixty five percent of respondents realize that pain medication precludes the exploration of other ways to combat pain. Nevertheless, most people appear willing to overlook the potential health risks involved with pain medication. The quick and easy relief provided by these medications seems to trump the threat of side effects enough for people to continue using them and not actively seeking out alternatives.

This survey indicates that the use of pain medication has not changed significantly. Despite the risks to heart health, the potential side effects appear to not be great enough for people to stop using the medication, significantly alter their perceptions of pharmaceutical companies, nor explore alternatives that might yield less risks.

Pain Management Survey
Question/Answer Responses Percentage
Were you aware of the recent studies into the effects of pain relief medications on heart health before taking this survey? 440
Yes 194 44.09%
No 223 50.68%
Not Sure 23 5.23%
After hearing about the potential risks of pain relief medication, did you, or will you now, search for further information? 414
Yes 264 63.77%
No 88 21.26%
Not Sure 62 14.98%
Where did you search, or where do you plan to search for more information? 249
Online 172 69.08%
Newspaper 7 2.81%
Television News 7 2.81%
My Doctor 57 22.89%
Friends or Family 6 2.41%
Have you stopped taking pain relief medications (prescription or over-the-counter) since you heard there may be heart health risks? 393
Yes 76 19.34%
No 216 54.96%
Undecided 39 9.92%
Not Applicable 63 16.03%
What will you do now for pain relief? 73
Not take any pain medication 5 6.85%
Find an alternative pain relief medication 39 53.42%
Find an alternative form of pain relief (massage, meditation, acupuncture, etc.) 18 24.66%
Undecided 11 15.07%
Have the recent announcements changed your opinion of pharmaceutical companies? 380
Yes 115 30.26%
No 186 48.95%
Undecided 79 20.79%
Pharmaceutical companies should add warning labels and continue to sell drugs with potential side effects, rather than withdraw them from the market. 353
Strongly Agree 84 23.80%
Agree 103 29.18%
Moderately Agree 49 13.88%
Neither Agree nor Disagree 22 6.23%
Moderately Disagree 24 6.80%
Disagree 38 10.76%
Strongly Disagree 33 9.35%
Pain medication keeps people from looking into alternative ways to manage pain. 346
Strongly Agree 65 18.79%
Agree 91 26.30%
Moderately Agree 69 19.94%
Neither Agree nor Disagree 38 10.98%
Moderately Disagree 24 6.94%
Disagree 38 10.98%
Strongly Disagree 21 6.07%
After hearing about the potentially harmful effects of pain relief medication, I am hesitant to take any medications (prescription or over-the-counter). 342
Strongly Agree 34 9.94%
Agree 34 9.94%
Moderately Agree 60 17.54%
Neither Agree nor Disagree 55 16.08%
Moderately Disagree 33 9.65%
Disagree 71 20.76%
Strongly Disagree 55 16.08%